Cross Border Higher Education, International Trade, and Economic Competitiveness

This study is an attempt to bridge the divide between the international education community and the international trade community, by identifying where education overlaps with the four primary delivery modes of services trade. Higher education services have emerged as an important and growing component of many nations’ economic strategies, with recent estimates placing the sectors’ market above $1 trillion. Despite cross border higher education (CBHE) featuring increasingly in many country’s trade portfolio, this does not appear to have resulted in an equivalent increase in the interaction between education and the trade policy communities. This lack of interaction results in many lost opportunities to use trade and economic development resources to advance international education efforts, and vice-versa.