This study is an attempt to bridge the divide between the international education community and the international trade community, by identifying where education overlaps with the four primary delivery modes of services trade. Higher education services have emerged as an important and growing component of many nations’ economic strategies, with recent estimates placing the sectors’ market above $1 trillion. Despite cross border higher education (CBHE) featuring increasingly in many country’s trade portfolio, this does not appear to have resulted in an equivalent increase in the interaction between education and the trade policy communities. This lack of interaction results in many lost opportunities to use trade and economic development resources to advance international education efforts, and vice-versa.
This case study analyses how the telecom sector has been liberalized and reformed in Vietnam. From having a wholly government-owned monopoly to opening up the market, the reform road has been and remains paved with challenges. Results today are nevertheless encouraging, with prices having significantly dropped, wider choices for consumers, and private and foreign service providers finding it easier to enter and thrive in the industry.
One of the reasons for the lack of participation of Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Low Income Countries (LICs) and Lower Middle Income Countries (LMICs) in services negotiations has been on the one hand, the lack of understanding by the trade officials of the specifics of services sectors and on the other hand, the trade aspects by the sectoral service officials. This case study examines the link between electric energy services regulation and policy and services trade aspects under the World Trade Organization (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) with the aim of understanding what is the trade dimension within the electric energy services.
This Brazil case study on “Effective Services Institutional Mechanisms” examines how trade in services mechanisms in a middle-level developing country have different structures and processes for trade in services negotiation. Civil Society Organizations are a key pillar of the institutional trade in services landscape today, and their inclusive participation can be an invaluable asset for the government when properly designed.
This case study examines how effectively different low and lower-middle income countries have leveraged civil society participation in policy-making and negotiations related to trade in services. Civil Society Organizations are a key pillar of the institutional trade in services landscape today, and their inclusive participation can be an invaluable asset for the government when properly designed. In particular, CSOs can be key partners in informing decisions and building the necessary broad-base ownership over new policies and negotiated outcomes.
The paper explores the East African Community (EAC) and its interests in the WTO services negotiations. Drawing on an understanding of the region, it analyses its economic dynamics, including on services trade, in a bid to tease out what the region could prospect in the WTO's negotiations based on the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). It connects the dots between EAC home-grown processes on services liberalization, and what as well as how the GATS negotiations could be used to harness benefits for EAC countries- particularly in the context of preparations for the Post- Bali Work Programme and the run up to the 10th WTO Ministerial Conference (MC10). Finally, it speaks to the important question of developing the EAC's capacity to benefit from the opportunities presented by WTO-led liberalization on trade in services.