Briefing Papers

Short, reader-friendly analysis for policy makers on good practices across a range of services-related topics.

Measuring and ensuring availability of data on services trade flows have been a long-standing challenge for meaningful economic analyses and informing trade negotiators. Despite improvements in its international availability, services trade data remains largely unavailable for bilateral trade and more disaggregated sectors, especially in the case of South-South trading partners. This has obvious adverse implications for the ability of many Low-income (LICs) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to meaningfully negotiate services. Nevertheless, some have performed better than others at collecting, compiling and reporting on services trade data.

The Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) scheme provides for eligible Pacific Islanders to work for the agricultural season in New Zealand. Using the lens of the three ‘I’s model of political economy – Interests, Ideas and Institutions, this Briefing Paper (and the original research paper on which is based) discusses not the outcome of the RSE scheme, but its origins and replicability and especially the role of institutions in its success.

With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), many firms now spread their production processes across different actors and regions worldwide in search for greater efficiencies. This can offer significant opportunities for developing countries, if they are able to properly analyse GVCs. With a focus on the leisure tourism global value chains (GVC) in Kenya, this briefing paper highlights the broad structure of GVC analysis with a lens on the distribution intermediaries and first tier service providers engaged in the chain. It concludes with some considerations on strengthening the tourism GVC in Kenya.