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Developments In The Air Transport Sector Since The Conclusion Of The Uruguay Round Part Four

This background note provides additional information about developments in the air transport sector since the conclusion of the Uruguay Round. The first part discusses the Freedoms of the Air, while the second part focuses on bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral agreements

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Transport Services (Air, Land, Maritime)
  • Special Focus Negotiations
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by WTO - World Trade Organization
  • Year 2001
  • Language English

Developments In The Air Transport Sector Since The Conclusion Of The Uruguay Round Part Three

This background note brings additional information on the developments in the air transport sector since the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, covering sectors on air traffic control services (including charging systems), general aviation and aerial work, and commercial air transport services.

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Transport Services (Air, Land, Maritime)
  • Special Focus Negotiations
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by WTO - World Trade Organization
  • Year 2000
  • Language English

Developments In The Air Transport Sector Since The Conclusion Of The Uruguay Round Part Two

This background note brings additional information on the developments in the air transport sector since the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, covering sectors on fuelling, ground handling and airport services.

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Transport Services (Air, Land, Maritime)
  • Special Focus Negotiations
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by WTO - World Trade Organization
  • Year 2000
  • Language English

Report Of The Expert Meeting On Air Transport Services: Clarifying Issues To Define The Elements Of The Positive Agenda Of Developing Countries As Regards Both The GATS And Specific Sector Negotiations Of Interest To Them

The current Annex on Air Transport in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) rules out its application to traffic rights and services related to traffic rights. The Annex does, however, list three services related to air transport to which the rules of the GATS do apply. Commitments so far in these three sectors are limited. With a view to identifying possible benefits from further commitments in the areas already listed in paragraph 3 of the Annex, the GATS signatories are urged to review their commitments and to consider the options for including these sectors in their packages of offers and requests. In a number of other areas, the application of the GATS may be unclear. There is a need to clarify the coverage under the existing wording by considering a more detailed classification of the air transport sector, including related activities. The coverage of the Agreement can then…

Additional Info

  • Type Meeting Report
  • Sector Transport Services (Air, Land, Maritime)
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Year 1999
  • Language English

Air Transport Services: The Positive Agenda For Developing Countries

The regulatory landscape of international air transport is changing very quickly and at many levels at the same time, reflecting the dynamism of the sector. These changes aim to meet consistently increasing demand for air services around the world through more flexible approaches to regulation. The sector remains, however, very complex from a regulatory perspective. The task of reconciling the need for flexibility with infrastructure, safety and environmental concerns can limit considerably the scope for policy actions. The transition from a primarily bilateral regime to an increasingly “inclusive” regime, even in the absence of physical and other limitations, raises intricate issues whose solutions are not straightforward. For developing countries, active participation in all levels of regulatory change is imperative to ensure that the objectives underlying aviation policy in developing countries are attained and that the efforts made in this connection are compatible. The review of the GATS Annex on Air…

Additional Info

  • Type Research Paper
  • Sector Transport Services (Air, Land, Maritime)
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Year 1999
  • Language English

Rapport De La Réunion D'experts Sur Le Renforcement Des Capacites Des Pays En Développement Dans Le Secteur Du Tourisme, En Mettant Particulièrement L'accent Sur Les Organisateurs Et Agences De Voyages Et Autres Prestataires De Services

Les experts ont étudié les moyens de renforcer les capacités des pays en développement dans le secteur du tourisme, en mettant particulièrement l'accent sur les organisateurs et agences de voyages et autres prestataires de services. Ils ont aussi examiné les liens entre ce secteur, les transports aériens et les systèmes mondiaux de distribution. Voici leurs conclusions et recommandations concertées.

Additional Info

  • Type Meeting Report
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Year 1998
  • Language Français

Commerce International Des Services Liés Au Tourisme : Problèmes Et Options Pour Les Pays En Développement

A sa deuxième session (17-21 novembre 1997), la Commission du commerce des biens et services, et des produits de base a décidé de convoquer une réunion d'experts sur les moyens de renforcer le secteur du tourisme dans les pays en développement, en mettant particulièrement l'accent sur les organisateurs et agences de voyages et autres prestataires de services. La présente note propose quelques éléments de discussion.

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Year 1998
  • Language Français

Services De Tourisme

Le Secrétariat a établi cette note sur les Services de tourisme à la demande du Conseil du commerce des services dans le cadre du programme d'échange d'informations. Par souci de concision et faute de temps, il y est question principalement du tourisme international, et non du tourisme intérieur ou du tourisme en général. Cette note est destinée à servir de base à des discussions approfondies au sein du Conseil.

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Negotiations
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by WTO - World Trade Organization
  • Year 1998
  • Language Français

Evaluation Des Obstacles Aux Echanges De Services Touristiques

Le présent document présente un projet d'inventaire" des mesures qui affectent les échanges dans le secteur des voyages et du tourisme. L'objet de ce document est de donner une liste indicative de ces mesures et non de décrire le secteur. Il s'agit du sixième inventaire sectoriel mené dans le cadre du projet du Comité des échanges sur le thème "Évaluation des obstacles aux échanges de services". Il est fondé sur la liste des engagements souscrits dans le cadre de l'AGCS et sur l'inventaire de l'OCDE des mesures perçues comme constituant des obstacles au tourisme international dans la zone de l'OCDE."

Additional Info

  • Type Working Paper
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Year 2000
  • Language Français

Libéralisation Des Échanges De Services Et Développement Du Tourisme

La présente Etude analyse le rôle que la libéralisation des Echanges de services pourrait jouer en faveur du développement touristique dans les pays en développement. En raison de son importance socio- Economique, le secteur du tourisme fait partie des priorités de nombreux pays en développement et de nombreux pays parmi les moins avancés. Pour être prospère, le secteur des exportations touristiques doit avoir des liens effectifs avec de nombreux autres secteurs d’activité, principalement avec d’autres branches de services. La libéralisation nationale, régionale et multilatérale des Echanges et de l’investissement peut utilement compléter les efforts nationaux visant à atteindre ces objectifs. Toutefois, un développement touristique durable nécessite une solide gestion du secteur public et un ferme soutien de la part de ce dernier. ll faut mener une réflexion approfondie pour Elaborer une règlementation efficace appuyant notamment sur une politique de la concurrence et des institutions correspondantes, pour ne pas dépasser la…

Additional Info

  • Type Working Paper
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Year 2008
  • Language Français

Tourism Services

At the request of the Council for Trade in Services, the Secretariat has prepared this Note on tourism services as part of the information exchange programme. For the purpose of conciseness, as well as limited time availability, the focus of the Note is on international tourism (as defined below), rather than on domestic tourism or tourism in general. The Note is intended to serve as a background to more extensive discussions by Council Members

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Negotiations
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by WTO - World Trade Organization
  • Year 1998
  • Language English

Trade And Development Implications Of International Tourism For Developing Countries

Tourism is an important economic sector in national economies. And because the sector has strong backward and forward linkages with the overall economy, tourism activity can stimulate broad economy-wide growth and serve as a rich source of employment. Many developing countries thus seek to more effectively develop their tourism sector. When doing so, however, they confront a wide range of challenges and constraints. Successfully addressing these requires action at both the national and international levels. National policies and actions are needed to: build infrastructure and human capital supply capacities; build effective linkages between the tourism and various other sectors in the national tourism value-chain to ensure economy-wide gains and pro-poor results; address economic leakage and anti-competitive practices in the tourism industry; meet international industry standards; and reduce the negative environmental impacts of tourism to sustain its long term viability. International cooperation and initiatives are also needed to improve investment prospects,…

Additional Info

  • Type Background Note
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Language English

Services Trade Liberalisation And Tourism Development

This study analyses the role that services trade liberalisation could play in fostering tourism growth in developing countries. The economic and social importance of tourism means that the industry is high on the list of development priorities in many developing countries and LDCs. In order to have a successful tourism export industry, effective linkages need to be established with many different sectors, most of which are other services. Trade and investment liberalisation at the national, regional and multilateral levels can be a means to complement national efforts to attain these goals. Sustainable tourism development, though, requires strong public sector management and support. Due consideration needs to be given to develop effective regulation, including competition policy and institutions, to avoid exceeding the carrying capacity of assets, and to strengthen national capacity in order to minimise financial leakages

Additional Info

  • Type Working Paper
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Year 2007
  • Language English

Assessing Barriers To Trade In Services

This paper presents a draft “inventory” of measures affecting trade in the travel and tourism sector. Its aim is to provide an indicative list of measures affecting trade in the sector rather than to describe the sector per se. It is the sixth sectoral inventory in the context of the Trade Committee’s project “Assessing Barriers to Trade in Services”. It is based on the GATS schedules of commitments and on the OECD Tourism Committee’s inventory of measures perceived as impediments to international tourism in the OECD area

Additional Info

  • Type Working Paper
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Year 2000
  • Language English

Tourism And Trade In Africa: How To Benefit From The Doha Round Of Multilateral Negotiations

This study aims to provide information to African WTO Members on trade negotiations in tourism. An overview provides a brief introduction on tourism and its development dimension in developing countries and in Africa in particular. Chapter 2 reviews tourism-related provisions in the GATS. Chapter 3 and 4 are dedicated to an analysis of commitments in tourism by WTO Members (chapter 3) and African WTO Members more specifically (chapter 4). Chapter 5 merges the analysis of Africa’s commitments in tourism with the results of the Templates, a questionnaire on tourism and trade distributed to selected African countries. Finally, chapter 6 contains some policy recommendations for the Requests and Offers phase that hopefully will be used by the Geneva WTO Africa Group as an input for the current negotiations in tourism under GATS. In the Annex some further information try to expand some of the concepts tackled in the study.

Additional Info

  • Type Research Paper
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Geographical Level Multilateral
  • Published by UNECA - United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
  • Year 2003
  • Language English

Report Of The Expert Meeting On Strengthening The Capacity For Expanding The Tourism Sector In Developing Countries, With Particular Focus On Tour Operators, Travel Agencies And Other Suppliers

The Expert Meeting examined ways and means of strengthening the capacity for expanding the tourism sector in developing countries, with particular focus on tour operators, travel agencies and other suppliers; it also considered the relation of air transport and global distribution systems to the tourism sector. The experts reached the following agreed conclusions and recommendations.

Additional Info

  • Type Meeting Report
  • Sector Tourism services
  • Special Focus Domestic Regulation
  • Geographical Level National
  • Published by UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Year 1999
  • Language English
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